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Mosquitoes belong to the same group as the true flies, Diptera. As such, they have a single pair of wings.
Mosquitoes use exhaled carbon dioxide, body odors and temperature, and movement to home in on their victims. Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood. When biting with their proboscis, they stab two tubes into the skin: one to inject an enzyme that inhibits blood clotting; the other to suck blood into their bodies. They use the blood not for their own nourishment but as a source of protein for their eggs. For food, both males and females eat nectar and other plant sugars.
Beyond the fact that mosquitoes are annoying, they are carriers of some of humanity’s deadliest diseases, causing millions of deaths worldwide each year in developing countries.
Anopheles mosquitoes are the only species known to carry malaria. They also transmit filariasis (also called elephantiasis) and encephalitis. Culex mosquitoes carry encephalitis, filariasis and West Nile virus. And Aedes mosquitoes, of which the voracious Asian tiger is a member, carry yellow fever, dengue fever and encephalitis.
Mosquitoes transmit disease in a variety of ways. In the case of malaria, parasites attach themselves to the gut of a female mosquito and enter a host as she feeds. In other cases, such as yellow fever and dengue, a virus enters the mosquito as it feeds on an infected human and is transmitted via the mosquito’s saliva to a subsequent victim.
As we already know, the mosquito uses blood not for its own nutrition, but as a source of protein for its eggs. It takes 7 to 10 days for an egg to develop into an adult mosquito, for which it goes through different processes:
- Female mosquitoes lay their eggs on the inner walls of water containers.
- When the eggs are in an aqueous environment, the incubation process takes place, which can last from a few days to months. They can survive without being in water for up to 8 months. Mosquito eggs can even survive a winter in the southern United States.
- Larvae live in water. They develop into pupae in as little as 5 days.
- The pupae live in water. They take 2 to 3 days to develop into adult mosquitoes with the ability to fly.
Mosquitoes prefer to lay their eggs in standing or still water, in moist soil, and even a discarded soda bottle cap only needs a small amount of water to do so. Doing so will eliminate the habitat that certain types of mosquitoes need to thrive.
It takes about a week for mosquitoes to grow from egg to adult, so you should perform a water flushing mission every four to five days to make sure you are not harboring the next generation.
To prevent proliferation, certain measures should be taken:
- Eliminate sources of standing water that form in old tires, kiddie pools, turn over buckets, birdbaths, lids and tarps that may allow water to accumulate.
- Level the surfaces of the soil spaces where water collects after rainfall to avoid the problem altogether.
- If you use flower vases, wash them and change the water at least every 5 days.
- If you have a pool, be sure to maintain the water and make sure all filters are working properly and the water is circulating properly.
- Cut back any weeds that may sprout around the edges of the ponds and consider adding a fountain to keep the water moving. You can also add minnows, which feed on mosquito larvae and can help control their population.
- Replacing outdoor lighting with yellow “bug lights” should mean your space attracts fewer mosquitoes, since The wavelength emitted is not as attractive to insects.
Illnesses spread by ticks, mosquitoes, and kissing bugs are on the rise—a trend experts say will continue as the climate warms.
Experts explain how these little disease-carrying varmints are adapting to warming climates.
If you keep getting bitten while the people around you are not being bitten, it may be because the flying pests are attracted more to some people’s body chemistry than to others. Certain chemicals, such as carbon dioxide, which is emitted when you exhale, and lactic acid, an element present in sweat, attract mosquitoes.
- Wear light colored clothing, as mosquitoes can be attracted to dark colors.
- Using a fan is very beneficial, as a breeze of more than 1 mile per hour is enough to deter mosquitoes. “Just be sure to aim for your lower extremities,” Day says. “Mosquitoes fly low to avoid the wind, so a fan in your face won’t protect your feet.”
- Wear thick socks long pants and sleeves if possible to limit exposed skin. As Conlon says, “The risk of getting stung is greatly reduced by just covering exposed skin.”
- Apply some type of mosquito repellent recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Calling for help becomes necessary, as mosquitoes as mentioned above proliferate rapidly and their populations can be difficult to control. Professionals trained in mosquito control know where they hide and the best control methods to use. For more information on pest control, contact Pespro.
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TYPES OF MOSQUITOES
More than 3,000 mosquito species exist worldwide, but if you live in the United States, you only need to be concerned with six of them: Yellow fever mosquito (also known as Aedes aegypti), carries Zika, chikungunya, and dengue; Asian tiger mosquito (a.k.a Aedes albopictus), which also carries Zika, chikungunya, and dengue; Northern house mosquito (a.k.a Culex pipiens), carries West Nile; and Culex tarsalis and Culex nigripalpus, which also carry West Nile.
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THE PESPRO SOLUTION FOR MOSQUITOES
Mosquitoes are relentless, but we give you the solution. We have the expertise to stop mosquitoes and other pests, and our solutions adapt to seasonal pest activity to give you year-round protection.
Certification of our products
At PesPro, we recognize the important role of pest control in ensuring that pharmaceutical manufacturers can exceed the most stringent regulatory requirements for the manufacture of their products.
Meridiana has developed the preventive pest management service to provide the highest level of peace of mind that pharmaceutical products will not be exposed to contamination risks and provide the information to demonstrate full compliance with regulatory standards.
The principle is to create one or more protective barriers to minimize the risks of pests approaching clean areas. These barriers are regularly inspected to maintain their impenetrability and ensure complete protection.
Our specialist service technicians and biologists will work with you in the field to define effective defenses and advise you on work practices and procedures to reduce the risk of a pest entering the facility or becoming a problem.
With each ongoing visit, we’ll treat outside your home, fortifying the perimeter. And if you request, we’ll treat inside your home again.
We have a rapid response to any signs of pest activity, as well as pest control and elimination, ensuring that the source of the pest is identified in order to prevent future infestations.